December 6, 2012

Type 2 Diabetes - Inflammation and Belly Fat

Adipokines are molecules classified as cytokines, molecules that are secreted by cells to signal other cells. They are called "adipokines" because they are made in adipose, or fat tissue. Adiponectin has to do with breaking down fats and regulating blood sugar. High levels of adiponectin are correlated with low body weight in adults.

C-reactive protein is made by the liver in response to cytokines made by white blood cells and fat cells. Its function is to bind to cells that are infected, dead or dying and attract white blood cells to eat them. A high level of c-reactive protein indicates inflammation somewhere in the body.

Investigators at Jichi Medical University in Saitama, Japan compared blood levels of adiponectin and c-reactive protein with fat in 130 volunteers who had been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. This particular study which was published in the Endocrinology Journal, in October 2011, found the Type 2 diabetics:

with the highest per cent of body fat had the greatest amount of c-reactive protein, and the correlation was greater with belly fat than with fat under the skin.
blood adiponectin levels were greatest in those with the lowest amount of belly fat.

From this information it was concluded inflammation is associated with belly fat.

Getting rid of belly fat, like getting rid of any kind of fat, requires eating fewer calories and exercising more. Munching on foods:

high in bulk and low in calories, such as fruits and vegetables, makes a good start.
a large salad has a lot more bites than a serving of lasagna with the same number of calories, so opt for the salad.

Working your abdominal muscles is also a good way to attack belly fat:

try lying on your back with your hands behind your head. Lift your legs and pretend to ride a bicycle while twisting to touch your elbows to the opposite knees. Keep going for twenty seconds.
lie on your back and hold a large ball behind you. Lift the ball with both hands while lifting your knees and transfer the ball from your hands to your knees. Straighten your knees until your legs are almost flat on the floor, bend your knees again, transfer the ball to your arms, and repeat 20 times.
lie on the floor face up with your knees bent. Bend to the right and grip your right ankle, return to the original position, and repeat with your left knee. Repeat 20 times.
lie face up and lift your legs straight up until they are at 90 degrees to your torso, then lower them gradually to the floor. Perform 20 repetitions. Sit up and put your feet flat onto the floor, holding a medicine ball in both hands, Holding your belly in, twist and touch the medicine ball to each side in turn. Repeat twenty times on each side.
lie face down with arms stretched out in front of you. Lift your right arm and left leg at the same time, lower and repeat with your left arm and right leg. Repeat twenty times on each side.

Set aside a time for your exercises each day and stick with it. Here's to your shrinking waistline!

Type 2 diabetes is no longer a condition you must just live with. It need not slowly and inevitably get worse. Now is the time to take control of the disease... and take back your health and your life.

Article Source: EzineArticles

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